The heel bone, also known as the calcaneus, is often the first bone that makes contact with the ground while walking, running, and/or jumping. This puts the heel bone at risk for impact injuries.
What is it?
- An injury to the fat pad that protects the heel, or
- An injury to the calcaneus bone
How does it happen?
- Repetitive impact of the heel on the ground
- Landing or falling from a high height
- Hard heel striking when running
- Stepping on something hard
- Impact on harder surfaces or ground
- Pain at heel when walking or standing
- Pain when pressing on heel
- May see bruising on bottom of foot around heel
- Swelling in or around the heel
- The fat pad may also get displaced, which would result in a flat or abnormal spot in heel compared to other one.
- Poorly cushioned shoe wear
- Abnormal or rapid increase in training intensity
- Walking barefoot
- Jumping athletes
- If injury to fat pad, recovery normally takes 1-3 weeks
- If injury to heel bone itself, it can take up to 6 weeks.